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 Planning Strategies

Regardless of the curriculum or planning strategies and technique used to include students in problem-solving, decision-making and goal-setting, it is essential that professionals and parents listen to and respect the students' voices. The student credo reminds us what is important and guides our planning strategies. (This may take an extra minute to load, but it will be worth the wait.)


Evidence-based Practice for Planning Strategies: Person-centered Planning

Person-centered planning (PCP) provides is a strong foundation for transition planning. PCP is an individualized assessment which enables a student, family, and support team to identify the student's strengths, interests, and preferences and then develops an action plan for supporting the student to achieve his goals and dreams. Person-centered planning has been associated with increased student participation in the IEP process (Test 2004). View the video below to listen to a young man share his experiences with person-centered planning and the impact it has had on his life.


There are multiple tools which may be used to facilitate a person-centered plan (PCP). The PCP's ultimate outcome is creative, individualized goals, services and activities which may be included in the Transition IEP and daily programming. To learn more about how to incorporate person-centered planning follow this link to an NSTTAC lesson plan starter.



Making a Change: Your Personal Plan

This web-based activity helps a student to think about his/her goals and develop and action plan to achieve those goals. The end product of this planning activity is a printable booklet. 

PACER Center

The mission of PACER Center (Parent Advocacy Coalition for Educational Rights) is to expand opportunities and enhance the quality of life of children and young adults with disabilities and their families, based on the concept of parents helping parents. The PACER Center website contains resources and online training material.  

Zarrow Center for Learning Enrichment

The Zarrow Center conducted a study on Self-Directed IEP instructional program. The results of this study are shared on the above link along with strategies to increase student participation in IEP meeting discussions and implement the self-directed IEP curriculum.