student participation.jpg

Student Participation

talking to student.jpg In order for students to be active contributors of the Transition IEP process, students must first be prepared by teachers and family members through instruction and practice. Student participation must be respected, nurtured and welcomed into the IEP process including pre-meeting preparations, meeting participation, and follow-up after the meeting. Accommodations will be required for students to be as independent as possible throughout the planning and meeting process.

There are many ways in which a teacher may facilitate their students to be active participants in the IEP process. The graphics below highlights some examples of nurturing and facilitating a student's participation.

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Adapted from: Thoma, C. & Wehman, P. (2010) Getting the most out of IEPs, an educator's guide to the student-directed approach. Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Brookes Publishing.



There are two evidence-based curricula (roll over for a definition) that have been identified by the National Secondary and Transition Technical Assistance Center (NSTTAC) for student-focused planning and student participation. Click on the tabs below for a brief description of each. Links to locate these curricula are under Resources. 

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If you would like to learn more about how to implement student-focused planning curriculum, click HERE to watch a slideshow from NSTTAC. Scroll down to find more links to beneficial resources.



Center for Disability Information and Referral (CeDIR), Indiana Institute on Disability and Community is a lending library with over 8000 resources, including curriculum which may be check out online for educators to view and use items prior to purchase.

Choicemaker Self-directed IEP curriculum may be purchased online at Sopris Learning at

I'm Determined, Virginia Department of Education. Lesson plans were developed and field tested by general and special education classroom teachers. Elementary, middle, and high school plans focus on core component areas of self-determination.

Transition Assessment Matrix provides a number of self-determination assessment tools.

Whose Future is It Anyway? Download a free version at: